Almost every ancient civilisation in the Mediterranean has left its mark on Elba Island.
Starting already in prehistoric times, followed by Etruscians, Romans, Medici, Napoleon until today. The hiostory of Elba Island was always connected to iron and the mines, which work until 1982.
The island Elba was formed by the clash of two tectonic plates, followed by the rise of two chambers of magma that were made of granite. The of them, after getting rid of the sediments, turned into the massif of Monte Capanne, which is with 1019m the highest point of Elba.
Elba has a surface of 224 square-km, a coastline of 147 km and 153 beaches. The temperatures are mild and moderate, rarely getting above 30 degrees in summer and below 10 degrees in winter.